The average duration of partner stalking appears to be just over two years. The vast majority of partner stalking victims report the stalking began while the relationship was intact and escalated during periods of separation.
Further partner stalking victims report separating more frequently in the past compared to partner violence victims who were not stalked. Once a protective order is obtained, stalking victims are are less likely to reconcile.
[note 1] Brewster, M., "Exploration of the Experiences and Needs of Former Intimate Partner Stalking Victims," final report to the National Institute of Justice, grant number 1995-WT-NX0002, Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, 2000.
[note 2] Tjaden, P., and N. Thoennes, "Stalking in America: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey," Research Report, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1998, NCJ 169592.
[note 4] Willson, P., J. McFarlane, A. Malecha, K. Watson, D. Lemmey, P. Schultz, J. Gist and N. Fredland, "Severity of Violence Against Women by Intimate Partners and Associated Use of Alcohol and/or Illicit Drugs by the Perpetrator,"
Journal of Interpersonal Violence 15(9) (2000): 996-1008.
[note 5][note 7] Logan, T., J. Cole, L. Shannon and R. Walker,
Partner Stalking: How Women Respond, Cope, and Survive, New York: Springer Publishing, 2006.
[note 6][note 10] Melton, H., "Stalking in the Context of Intimate Partner Abuse: In the Victim's Words,"
Feminist Criminology 2(4) (2007): 347-363.
[note 8] McFarlane, J., J. Campbell, S. Wilt, C. Sachs, Y. Ulrich and X. Xu, "Stalking and Intimate Partner Femicide,"
Homicide Studies 3(4) (1999): 300-316.
[note 9][note 16] Mechanic, M., M. Uhlmansiek, T. Weaver and P. Resick, "The Impact of Severe Stalking Experienced by Acutely Battered Women: An Examination of Violence, Psychological Symptoms and Strategic Responding,"
Violence and Victims 15(4) (2000): 443-458.
[note 11][note 13] Logan, T., R. Walker, C. Jordan and J. Campbell, "An Integrative Review of Separation and Victimization Among Women: Consequences and Implications,"
Violence, Trauma, and Abuse 5(2) (2004): 143-193.
[note 12][note 14] Logan, T., R. Walker, L. Shannon and J. Cole, "Factors Associated with Separation and Ongoing Violence Among Women with Civil Protective Orders,"
Journal of Family Violence 23 (2008): 377-385.
[note 15][note 18] Logan, T., L. Shannon and J. Cole, "Stalking Victimization in the Context of Intimate Partner Violence,"
Violence and Victims 22(6) (2007): 669-683.
[note 17] Logan, T., and J. Cole, "The Intersection of Partner Stalking and Sexual Abuse,"
Violence Against Women 17(7) (2011): 904-924.