The National Institute of Justice sponsors criminal court research and court-based program evaluation to identify tools, programs and policies that satisfy criminal justice goals including: public safety, cost-efficiency and fair and equitable treatment of victims and defendants.

Courts Research Portfolio

NIJ's criminal courts research informs these goals through several approaches:


Technology — courtroom security technologies and forensic and other scientific technologies that support criminal case processing through information sharing, evidence testing and management and other investigative and trial functions.

Contraband Detection Technologies

Types of Forensic Evidence

Types of Investigations

NIJ’s Research on Videoconferencing Pretrial Release Hearings

Date Modified: April 17, 2018