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The detection of sperm and separation of sperm cells from the victim's DNA is crucial to identifying and characterizing the
perpetrator's DNA profile. Improved automation of sperm detection and separation will enable more rape kits to be processed
in a timely manner to help solve sexual assault crimes more effectively. Traditionally sperm cells are identified visually
in evidentiary samples through light microscopy. New techniques are under development to aid improved visualization of sperm
heads and tails with fluorescent staining as well as sperm cell isolation through laser capture microdissection.
The table below presents awards funded both prior to and under the DNA Initiative, which began in 2004.
Select a title to view an abstract from PubMed database (National Library of Medicine's) unless a different file type is indicated.
Next section: Forensic DNA — Y-Chromosome.