Drugs and Crime Research Projects

The following table — Drugs and Crime Research Awards, 2003–2014 — shows awards made by NIJ for drugs and crime research projects.

Both ongoing and completed projects are included. Project titles for completed awards are linked to the substantive report submitted to NIJ at the completion of the project if available.

Drugs and Crime Research Awards, 2003-2014
(Select for details)
GranteeAward NumberAmount
Drug Markets
Monitoring Drug Epidemics and the Markets That Sustain Them Using ADAM IINational Development and Research Institutes, Inc.2010-IJ-CX-0011$37,966
Dynamics of Retail Methamphetamine Markets in New York CityNational Development and Research Institutes, Inc.
Travis Wendel
The Context of Drug Markets: An Examination of the Direct and Indirect Influence of Gender in Drug Market ActivitiesArizona State University
Cheryl Lee
The Chinese Connection: The Changing Patterns of Drug Trafficking in the Golden TriangleRutgers University
Adrienne Walker-Lane
Drugs, DUI, and Crime: What Are the Effects of Legalization of Marijuana in Colorado? Purdue University2016-R2-CX-0008$32,000
Examining an Integrated Bystander and Alcohol Program for Sexual Assault Perpetration: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled TrialOhio University 2016-R2-CX-0048$150,000
Effects of Marijuana Legislation on Law Enforcement and CrimeWashington State University2016-RC-CX-0058$995,831
Developmental Pathways of Teen Dating Violence in a High-Risk SampleSUNY/Albany2012-W9-BX-0001$798,376
​Effects of Child Maltreatment, Cumulative Victimization Experiences, and Proximal Life Stress on Adult Outcomes of Substance Use, Mental Health Problems, and Antisocial BehaviorUniversity of Washington​2012-IJ-CX-0023​$428,396​
Race and Drug Arrests: Specific Deterrence and Collateral ConsequencesUniversity of South Florida2011-IJ-CX-0004$93,553
Roads Diverge: Long-term Patterns of Relapse, Recidivism, and Desistance for a Reentry CohortUniversity of Delaware
Ronet Bachman
Gender, Mental Illness, and CrimePortland State University
Melissa Thompson
Alcohol Availability, Distribution Policies, and Their Relationship to Crime and Alcohol-Related InjuryUrban Institute
Caterina Roman
Drug-Facilitated, Incapacitated, and Forcible Rape: A National Study of Prevalence and Case Characteristics Among College Students and Other Young WomenMedical University of South Carolina
Dean Kilpatrick
Exploring the Drugs/Crime Connection within the Electronic Dance and Hip Hop Nightclub ScenesUniversity of Delaware
Tammy Anderson
The Prevalence, Context, and Reporting of Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault on University CampusesResearch Triangle Institute
Don Enichen
Market Disruption
Developing Methods for Assessing Outcomes of Law and Policy on Drug Trafficking Offenders, Organizations, and Criminal Justice ResponsesA​bt Associates Inc.2016-R2-CX-K001$999,887
Research on Contraband and Interdiction Modalities Used in Correctional Facilities Urban Institute2015-IJ-CX-K001$499,999
Non-Medical Use of Prescription Drugs: Policy Change, Law Enforcement Activity, and Diversion TacticsUniversity of Central Florida2012-R2-CX-0006$250,000
Optimizing Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs to Support Law Enforcement ActivitiesUniversity of Kentucky Research Foundation2012-R2-CX-0007$363,226
Identifying High Risk Prescribers Using PDMP Data: A Tool For Law EnforcementThe University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill2012-R2-CX-0002$249,983
Evaluating and Improving Law Enforcement Cooperation in Combating Mexican Drug Trafficking OrganizationsAmerican University2011-IJ-CX-0001$453,112
An Experimental Evaluation of the BJA DMI Training and Technical Assistance InitiativeRAND Corporation2010-DJ-BX-1672$2,914,961
Creating a Better Understanding Of Cross-Jurisdictional Task Forces On The Border: An Evaluation Of Two Efforts To Target Drugs And Violence In San Diego CountySan Diego Association of Governments2010-SS-B9-0001$299,136
A Collaborative Approach to Eliminating Street Drug Markets through Focused DeterrenceUniversity of North Carolina Greensboro
Tim Shelton
Controlled Substance Case Processing Descriptive StudyResearch Triangle Institute
Kevin Strom
ASP Task T-021$250,000
The Effect of Law Enforcement on Drug Markets and Drug UseAbt Associates, Inc.
Bill Rhodes
Controlling Methamphetamine Precursors: From Policy to PracticeAndrews University
Duane McBride
Evaluation of Multi-Jurisdictional Task Forces, Phase II: Tool Development and ProductionAbt Associates
Bill Rhodes
Prevention and Intervention
Multi-site Evaluations of Courts on the Frontline: Systematically Assessing Implementation and Intermediate Outcomes in Veterans Treatment Courts Missouri State University2015-VV-BX-K020$761,231
Study of the Use of Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners Program Funds on Aftercare ServicesAdvocates for Human Potential2013-MU-CX-0057$399,836
Effect of Prison-Based Alcohol Treatment: A Multi-site Process and Outcome EvaluationUniversity of Texas as San Antonio2010-RT-BX-0103$300,000
Evidence-Based Screening and Assessment: A Randomized Trial of a Validated Assessment Tool in Three NYC Drug CourtsCenter for Court Innovation2010-IJ-CX-0031$389,093
Evaluation of the Second Chance Act Reentry CourtsNorthwest Professional Consortium, Inc.2010-RY-BX-0001$2,988,850
A Natural Experiment in Reform: Analyzing Drug Law Policy Change in NYSVera Institute of Justice2010-IJ-CX-0030$699,937
A Follow-up Evaluation of Hawaii's HOPE ProbationPepperdine University2010-IJ-CX-0016$191,707
Evaluating a Drug Testing and Graduated Sanctions Program in Delaware: A Randomized TrialUniversity of Delaware
Daniel O'Connell
From Inception to Implementation: How the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act Has Affected the Case Processing and Sentencing of Drug Offenders in One CA CountyUniversity of California, Irvine
Christine Gardiner
Alternative Sentencing Policies for Drug Offenders: Evaluating the Effectiveness of KS Senate Bill 123Loyola University Chicago
Don Stemen
Alternative Sentencing Policies for Drug Offenders: Evaluating the Effectiveness of KS Senate Bill 123Vera Institute of Justice
Don Stemen
A Cost Evaluation of Drug Court Programs Compared to State Mandate non-Drug Court Treatment ProgramsNorthwest Professional Consortium, Inc.
Shannon Carey
Multisite Comparison of 17 Adult Drug Courts: Typology, Outcomes and CostNorthwest Professional Consortium, Inc.
Shannon Carey
An Impact and Cost-Benefit Evaluation of the Oxford House Substance Free Transitional Housing ModelNorthwest Professional Consortium, Inc.
Mike Finigan
Evaluation of the Bureau of Justice Assistance?s Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Demonstration ProgramsUniversity of Arizona
Jeanette Hassin
An Empirical Investigation of ?Going to Scale? in Drug InterventionsUrban Institute
John Roman, Avi Bhati
Drug Court Evaluation Training and Technical AssistanceNational Association of Drug Court Professionals
Carolyn Hardin
Anchorage Wellness Court EvaluationUniversity of Alaska, Anchorage
Robert Langworthy
Multi-site Adult Drug Court EvaluationThe Urban Institute, RTI International and the Center for Court Innovation
Shelli Rossman
Swiftness and Certainty in Enforcing Probation Conditions: Hawaii HOPEUniversity of California, Los Angeles
Angela Hawken
Technology and Forensics
Chasing the Electronic Cigarette Dragon - Characterizing the Evolution and Impact of Design and Content Virginia Commonwealth University2016-DN-BX-0150$139,233
Evaluation of sample preparation techniques for Matrix Effects and Absolute Recovery using UPLC-MS/MS using opiates and liver tissue specimens as the model and application to post-mortem toxicology Virginia Commonwealth University2016-DN-BX-0148$91,017
Forensic Chemistry of Substituted N-Benzylmethoxy (N-BOMe) Phenethylamines: Isomeric Designer Drugs Related to 25I-N-BOMe Auburn University2016-DN-BX-0175$215,000
The Utility of Multi-Dimensional Liquid Chromatography for the Analysis of Seized Drugs: Application to Emerging Drugs The George Washington University2016-DN-BX-0169$208,339
Rapid and Accurate On-Site Screening for a Broad Range of Synthetic Cathinones by Electronic Drug Analyzer Based on a Cross-Reactive Aptamer The Florida International University Board of Trustees2016-DN-BX-0167$208,989
Differences in Cannabis Impairment and its Measurement Due to Route of AdministrationResearch Triangle Institute 2016-DN-BX-0193$1,209,914
The Evaluation of Alternative Sample Preparation Techniques for Use in Forensic LaboratoriesResearch Triangle Institute2016-DN-BX-0192$787,719
Long-term Stability of Synthetic Cannabinoids in Biological Matrices Research Triangle Institute2016-DN-BX-0191$457,046
Synthesis, Spectroscopy and Pharmacology of Emerging Synthetic Opioids Keck Graduate Institute2016-DN-BX-0059$618,790
Evaluation of Peer Review and Verification ProcessesGeorgia Bureau of Investigation2016-DN-BX-K005$78,670
Analytical Validation and Impact Assessment of On-Site Evidence Screening via Ambient Sampling, Portable Mass SpectrometryIllinois State University2015-IJ-CX-K011$299,753
Development of Modern Microcrystal Tests​ for Controlled Drugs, Diverted Pharmaceuticals and Bath SaltsMcCrone Research Institute, Inc.2015-IJ-CX-K010$122,428
One Pot Effluent Characterization and Standoff Detection Feasibility Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC2015-90789-SC-DN$452,765
Automated Derivatization and Identification of Controlled Substances via Total Vaporization Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography/Mass SpectrometryTrustees of Indiana University2015-DN-BX-K058$190,223
Statistical and Mass Spectral Tools for the Identification and Characterization of Synthetic PhenethylaminesMichigan State University2015-IJ-CX-K008$239,652
Monitoring Changes in the Novel Psychoactive Substance (NPS) Market through Enhanced Identification of Emerging Drugs and their Metabolites in Biological SamplesThe Fredric Rieders Family Renaissance Foundation2015-IJ-CX-K012$378,153
Prediction of Drug Interactions with Methadone, Buprenorphine and Oxycodone from in vitro Inhibition of Metabolism: A ContinuationUniversity of Utah2015-IJ-CX-K009$1,276,160
The Application of Gold Nanoparticles for the Trace Detection of Synthetic Cannabinoids in Saliva and Urine by Surface Enhanced Raman SpectroscopyFlorida International University2015-IJ-CX-K006$333,582
Novel Blood Protein Modification Assay for Retrospective Detection of Drug ExposureFlorida International University2015-NE-BX-K001$195,710
Development of Ambient Ionization Mass Spectrometric and Multivariate Statistical Analysis Methods for Rapid High Throughput Analysis and Identification of Psychotropic Plant SpeciesUniversity at Albany2015-DN-BX-K057$688,158
Evaluating the effectiveness of liquid chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometry (LC-TOF-MS) as a replacement screening tool in a full-service, state forensic toxicology laboratory Washington State Patrol2015-DN-BX-K055$150,000
Development and Validation of Two Innovative Quantitative Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry Methods for Forensic Toxicology Laboratories: Novel Analysis of Designer Drugs and Simultaneous Department of Forensic Science2015-DN-BX-K008$149,504
Department; Optimal Extraction Methods of THC from Infused Products City and County of Denver - Denver Police Department2015-DN-BX-K028$138,466
Multi-site Evaluations of Courts on the Frontline: Systematically Assessing Implementation and Intermediate Outcomes in Veterans Treatment CourtsMissouri State University2015-VV-BX-K020$761,231
Research on Contraband and Interdiction Modalities Used in Correctional FacilitiesUrban Institute2015-IJ-CX-K001$499,999
The Utility of Ultra High Performance Supercritical Fluid Chromatography for the Analysis of Seized Drugs: Application to Synthetic Cannabinoids and Bath Salts George Washington University2014-R2-CX-K009$292,808
A Systematic Evaluation of the Analysis of Drug Microcrystals Using Infrared Microspectroscopy West Chester University of Pennsylvania2014-R2-CX-K008$53,481
Development of Heated Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry for Chemical Profiling of MarijuanaSam Houston State University2014-R2-CX-K005$166,347
Characterization and Abuse of Electronic Cigarettes: The Efficacy of “Personal Vaporizers” as an Illicit Drug Delivery SystemVirginia Commonwealth University2014-R2-CX-K010$339,126
Forensic Toxicological Screening/Confirmation of 500+ Designer Drugs by LCQTOF- MS and LC-QqQ-MS Analysis , Florida International University Board of Trustees2014-R2-CX-K006$396,970
Data Mining PCC Annual Reports University of Utah2014-R2-CX-K012$176,030
Paper Spray Mass Spectrometry for Rapid Drug and Drug Metabolite Screening Directly from Postmortem Blood SamplesTrustees of Indiana University2014-R2-CX-K007$273,826
Characterization of Performance-Enhancing Peptides via Inlet Ionization on DART-TOF/MSHarris County, TX2013-DN-BX-K020$80,765
Characterization of Performance-Enhancing Peptides via Inlet Ionization on DART-TOF/MSHarris County, TX2013-DN-BX-K020$80,765
Statistical Analysis and Forensics Determination of Designer Drugs via Direct Analysis in Real Time Mass Spectrometry (DART-MS)The Research Foundation for The SUNY, University at Albany2013-DN-BX-K041$284,562
Bath Salt-type Aminoketone Designer Drugs: Analytical and Synthetic Studies on Substituted CathinonesAuburn University2013-DN-BX-K022$344,325
Aptamer-Based, Exonuclease-Amplified, Paper Device for Point of Collection Screening of Cocaine and Methamphetamine in Oral Fluid Florida International University2013-DN-BX-K032$352,223
Analysis of Drugs of Abuse in Human Hair: Surface Contamination and Localization of AnalytesResearch Triangle Institute2013-DN-BX-K021$343,845
Dried Blood Spot Analysis as an Emerging Technology for Application in Forensic ToxicologyResearch Triangle Institute2013-DN-BX-K017$571,987
Long-Term Stability of Synthetic Cathinones in Forensic Toxicology SamplesSam Houston State University2013-R2-CX-K006$180,384
Identification and Prevalence Determination of Novel Recreational Drugs and Discovery of Their Metabolites in Blood, Urine and Oral FluidThe Center for Forensic Science Research and Education2013-DN-BX-K018$225,610
Improved Detection of Synthetic Cathinones ("Bath Salts") in Forensic Toxicology SamplesSam Houston State University2012-R2-CX-K003$190,227
Transition Metal Cluster Compounds for the Fluorescent Identification and Trace Detection of Substances of AbuseUniversity of Central Florida2012-R2-CX-K005$163,385
Forensic Chemistry of Substituted 1-Alkyl-3-Acylindoles: Isomeric Synthetic Cannabinoids.Auburn University2012-DN-BX-K026$865,784
The Evaluation of Laser Diode Thermal Desorption (LDTD) for High Throughput Analysis of Controlled Substances and Toxicology in Forensic SciencesResearch Triangle Institute2012-R2-CX-K004$331,494
Characterization of Designer Drugs: Chemical Stability, Exposure, and Metabolite IdentificationResearch Triangle Institute2012-R2-CX-K001$799,360
Analytical and Synthetic Studies on Designer Drugs of the Piperazine ClassAuburn University2011-DN-BX-K530$484,819
Separation and Identification of Drugs of Abuse Using ESI-IMS-MSFlorida International University2011-DN-BX-K531$241,447
Comprehensive Forensic Toxicological Analysis Of Designer DrugsThe Florida International University Board of Trustees2011-DN-BX-K559$143,225
Development of a Modern Compendium of Microcrystal Tests for Illicit Drugs and Diverted PharmaceuticalsMcCrone Research Institute2011-DN-BX-K528$199,712
Prediction of Drug Interactions with Methadone, Buprenorphine and Oxycodone from in vitro Inhibition of MetabolismUniversity of Utah2011-DN-BX-K532$1,058,604
Raman Spectroscopy with Multi-component Searching for Complex Clandestine Laboratory Sample AnalysisCommonwealth of Kentucky2010-DN-BX-K178$118,195
Research and Development on Instrumental Analysis for Forensic Science ApplicationsLas Vegas Metropolitan Police Department2010-DN-BX-K201$258,054
Expansion of a Cheminformatic Database of Spectral Data for Forensic Chemists and ToxicologistsResearch Triangle Institute2010-DN-BX-K177$499,804
Analysis of Cocaine Analytes in Human Hair II: Evaluation of Different Hair Color and Ethnicity TypesResearch Triangle Institute2008-DN-BX-K179$519,146
VT 2008 Research and Development in the Area of Controlled Substances Detection and AnalysisVermont Department of Public Safety2008-DN-BX-K161$92,888
Development of a Thin Layer Chromatography Method for the Separation of Enantiomers Using Chiral Mobile Phase AdditivesVirginia Department of Forensic Science2008-DN-BX-K140$49,774
Development of an AccuTOF-DART Database of Potential Toxins and Drugs for Use by Forensic LaboratoriesResearch Triangle Institute2008-DN-BX-K180$817,415
Designer Amphetamines in Forensic Toxicology: Analysis and PrevalenceSam Houston State University2008-DN-BX-K126$465,492
MicroCantilever (MC) based Robust Sensing Approach for Controlled SubstancesAmes Laboratory2008-90092-IA-DN$685,000
Evaluation of New and Nobel Direct Sample Introduction, Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry Instrument for Postmortem Toxicology ScreenResearch Triangle Institute2006-DN-BX-K014$484,545
Development and Production of Reference Materials for Control and Calibration of Hair Drug TestingResearch Triangle Institute2006-DN-BX-K012$212,344
Field Detection of Drug and Explosive Odor Signatures using SPME-IMSFlorida International University2006-DN-BX-K027$480,881
Synthesis and Analytical Profiles for Regiosomeric and Isobaric Amines Related to MDMA, MDEA and MBDB: Differentiation of Drug and non-Drug Substances of Mass Spectral EquivalenceAuburn University2006-DN-BX-K016$533,746
Analysis of Cocaine Analytes in Human Hair: Evaluation of Concentration Ratios in Different Hair Types, Cocaine Sources, Drug User Populations, and Surface-Contaminated SpecimensResearch Triangle Institute2006-DN-BX-K019$200,307
Enhanced Studies of LC/MS/MS Capabilities to Analyze Toxicology Postmortem SamplesGeorgia Bureau of Investigation2006-DN-BX-K015$136,220
Scientific Working Dog Group and Orthogonal Detectors (SWGDOG)Florida International University2005-IJ-CX-K031$370,823
Enhanced Forensic Mass Spectrometry MethodsWest Virginia University Research Corporation2005-IJ-CX-K014$169,091
The development of microfluidic devices for the rapid isolation and detection of drugs of abuseFlorida International University2004-WG-BX-K077$499,865
Proposal for Forensic Analysis of Evidence from Clandestine Methamphetamine LaboratoriesWashington State Patrol Crime Laboratory Division2003-LT-BX-K004$316,222
Use of LC/MS/MS to Rapidly Perform First-Pass Screening for Drugs and Poisons in Postmortem Toxicology CasesGeorgia Bureau of Investigation2003-IJ-CX-K007$407,451
Application of Solid Phase Microextraction Methods for Forensic Toxicological Analysis of Postmortem and Decomposed SamplesSam Houston State University2003-IJ-CX-K002$58,264
Date Modified: October 1, 2016​