Responses to Sexual Violence: Effectiveness of SANE/SART Programs

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Effectiveness of SANE/SART

The SANE program in Albuquerque, N.M., is rated as a promising program.

NIJ studies have found that Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) programs and multidisciplinary Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART): [1], [2]

  • Enhance the quality of health care for women who have been sexually assaulted.
  • Improve the quality of forensic evidence.
  • Increase law enforcement's ability to collect information, file​ charges and refer to prosecution.
  • Increased prosecution rates over time.

Currently the International Association of Forensic Nurse's database shows at least 590 SANE programs operating throughout the United States and its territories. Most programs are based in hospitals and others are located in community settings.

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Evaluating SANE Programs

NIJ supported the creation of a Practitioner Toolkit for Evaluating the Work of SANE Programs (pdf, 145 pages). The goal of this Toolkit is to assist SANE program staff in evaluating how their program affects the reporting, investigation and prosecution of sexual assault cases in their community. This Toolkit was developed as part of a large research study on the work of SANEs in the criminal justice system. [3] The lessons learned from that project helped inform the development of this Toolkit, but by no means are legal outcomes the only or best way to evaluate the success of SANE programs. 

Date Modified: May 30, 2012