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The National Institute of Justice sponsors criminal court research and court-based program evaluation to identify tools, programs and policies that satisfy criminal justice goals including: public safety, cost-efficiency and fair and equitable treatment of victims and defendants.
NIJ's criminal courts research informs these goals through several approaches:
Court Operations and Case Management — methods for criminal justice administration applicable to diversion, pretrial and other stages of the criminal case processing.
Pretrial Research Meeting
Reducing Pretrial Domestic Violence
Benefits of Implementing a Pretrial Safety Program
Implementing a Pretrial Safety Program to Reduce Domestic Violence
Implications and Recommendations to Improve Pretrial Safety
Research on Videoconferencing at Post-Arraignment Release Hearings
Specialized or Problem-Solving Courts — court-based interventions for offenders and communities that address substance abuse, mental health and other criminogenic needs.
Specialized or Problem-Solving Courts home.
Domestic Violence Courts
Victim Services and Safety
Courthouse and Pretrial Safety
Orders of Protection
Offender Accountability Procedures
Judicial Oversight and Reducing Pretrial Domestic Violence
Other Web Resources on Domestic Violence Courts
Publications on Domestic Violence Courts
Drug Court Performance Measures and Program Evaluation
Do Drug Courts Work? Findings From Drug Court Research
Ongoing Drug Court Research: NIJ's Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation
Other Web Resources on Drug Courts
Publications on Drug Courts
Adjudication and Sentencing — criminal court procedures for judges, prosecutors, defense counsel and juries from arraignment through trial and sentencing.
Evaluating and Presenting Evidence in Court
CSI Effect (NIJ Journal article)
Digital Evidence in the Courtroom: A Guide for Law Enforcement and Prosecutors
Training on Evaluating and Presenting Evidence
Predicting and Preventing Erroneous Convictions
Postconviction DNA Testing and Wrongful Convictions
Indigent Defense Symposium: Looking Back, Looking Forward, 2000-2010
Expert Working Group Report: International Perspectives on Indigent Defense, September 2011 (pdf, 58 pages)
Truth-in-Sentencing (NIJ Journal article)
Postconviction Testing and Wrongful Convictions
Postconviction DNA Testing
Funding for Postconviction Testing
DNA's Role in Uncovering Wrongful Convictions
Publications on Sentencing and Adjudication
Technology — courtroom security technologies and forensic and other scientific technologies that support criminal case processing through information sharing, evidence testing and management and other investigative and trial functions.
Contraband Detection Technologies
Types of Forensic Evidence
Types of Investigations