Can States Successfully Implement Hawaii's "Swift and Certain" Approach?
Hawaii's Opportunity Probation With Enforcement (HOPE) program, which uses a "swift and certain punishment" approach to discourage probation violations, has produced positive results. Can Hawaii’s success be duplicated by other jurisdictions?
In a new NIJ Journal article, researcher Angela Hawken discusses the challenges that jurisdictions might face and keys to success when implementing a HOPE-style program.
Read the article.